Tooth sensitivity is a common dental problem that is caused by several factors. Sensitivity occurs when the dentin is exposed. The dentin is the second layer of your tooth and it is protected by the enamel. This section of the tooth is porous, soft, and has numerous nerve fibers. When exposed to stimuli, the dentin causes sensitivity. When you feel sudden sensitivity in your teeth, it could be a sign of an underlying condition that needs urgent care; therefore, always call us immediately. Here are some causes of tooth sensitivity.
When you feel sudden sensitivity in your teeth, it could be a sign of gum disease. Your mouth contains millions of bacteria, some of which can cause infections. If the bacteria are not removed by thorough cleaning, they will spread and cause conditions like gum disease (gingivitis). If not treated, this condition will progress and cause serious damage to the gum tissues, bone support, and ligaments. This will expose the dentin of the tooth, which causes sensitivity.
Brushing Too Hard
Another common cause of tooth sensitivity is brushing too hard. By brushing aggressively, you cause tooth surface abrasion and gum recession. The goal of brushing is gently removing bacteria and sticky debris. However, brushing too hard will wear down the enamel and lead to tooth sensitivity. To prevent this, you should brush gently using a soft-bristled toothbrush. This will not only keep your teeth clean but also reduce the risk of tooth sensitivity.
Grinding and Clenching
When you grind or clench your teeth, you increase the chances of sensitivity. Grinding wears down the teeth enamel and exposes the dentin. As a result, you will experience sensitivity when you drink or eat cold or hot foods and beverages. If you experience sudden or prolonged teeth sensitivity, visit our offices for proper professional care.